Damaged Teeth and Swollen Gums, Side Effects of Certain Medicines

It was large black hole, it was on the elderly man’s front tooth, and it was definitely something the dentist didn’t expect to see. It turns out the man gagged on his heart medicine when he stuck the nitroglycerine tablets under his tongue where they’re supposed to go so instead he stuck them under his top lip. The hole in his tooth was formed because of them.

Oral medicine experts told the American Dental Association that much of the medication Americans take every day may be damaging to the condition of teeth and gums. The oral experts state that it’s possible that doctors are ignorant of the side effects or they know about them but don’t tell the patients.

A dentist and pharmacologist at the University of Buffalo pointed out the need for patients to reveal their medical history and medications to their dentists. He wants dentists to ask how these medicines affect their patients’ dental health as they go through each medicine.

Oral medicine specialists report of the following problems that come with drug intake. Around 20% of those who take calcium channel blockers also have gum swelling. The inflammation opens pockets in the gums for bacteria to infiltrate, leading to massive swelling and serious gum disease. These medicines include some of the nation’s biggest selling drugs.

Swelling is a side effect of amphetamines used to treat children’s hyperactivity, as well as anti epilepsy drugs. Cyclosporin is a medication that organ transplant recipients take, and its side effects include massive gum overgrowth. Its appearance also can resemble the gum inflammation caused by leukemia, he warned.

More than 400 drugs can cause a side effect known as dry mouth, which is apparent in radiation treatment patients. Since not enough saliva can pose as a dental problem for people, those who suffer from lack of it may need topical fluoride treatment. The dentist would usually tell the patient’s doctor that if possible, he should change the calcium channel blockers prescription and switch it with another heart medicine.

There has to be strict plaque control and frequent trips to the dentist otherwise. Showing a photograph of a patient with damaged teeth and gums, another dentist pointed out that gum side effects can be avoided by a clean mouth. There will be no problem if there is no plaque, he said.

He had in his possession of a Dilantin patient with extremely swollen gums. Treatment of the gum pockets within 10 days is recommended by him for patients going on Dilantin to minimize the condition. Prescription drugs are not the only sources of dental problems. Sugar is found in over the counter lozenges, cough drops, and antacids.

A woman had a problem, which was the repeated presence of cavities. Dentists couldn’t understand why she had this condition when she brushed regularly and did not eat so many sweets. Then the receptionist observed her taking in pills, which turned out to be antacids which she consumed in large amounts a day.